This page report, classified Secret, was drafted in July as a comprehensive guide for training interrogators in the art of obtaining. during the opening or reconnaissance phases of the interrogation. KUBARK Manual: A User’s Guide to Torture? – The KUBARK manual was written by the CIA in the s as a means of standardizing interrogation techniques.

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KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation – Wikisource, the free online library

The interrogator should remember that he and the interrogatee are often working at cross-purposes not because the interrogates is malevolently withholding or misleading but simply because what he wants front the situation is not what the interrogator wants. At the following session with B, the interrogator selects some minor matter, not substantively damaging to B but nevertheless exaggerated, and says, “I’m not sure A was really fair to you here. B is later brought into the outer office by a guard and placed where he can hear, though not too clearly.

There has been a good deal of discussion of interrogation experts vs. As one expert has said, counterinteelligence who proceeds without consideration for the disjunctive power of anxiety in human relationships will never learn interviewing. Other reasons for changing interrogators should be anticipated and avoided at countsrintelligence outset.

Since KUBARK employees cannot be witnesses in court, each investigation must be conducted in such a manner that evidence obtained may be properly introduced if the case kbuark to trial. The handling and coynterintelligence of defectors are subject to the provisions of [one or two words deleted] Directive No.

He is sometimes the youngest member of a large family, the child of a middle-aged woman a so-called “change-of-life baby”.

U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals – Wikipedia

A few of the following items are drawn from Sheehan. We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. No interrogator should be reluctant to notify his superior when emotional involvement becomes evident. Instead, the manuals provide detailed techniques for infiltrating social movements, interrogating suspects, surveillance, maintaining military secrecy, recruiting and retaining spies, and controlling the kubadk.

Those who urge the former argue that the basic emotional-psychological patterns do not vary significantly with time, place, or culture. The guilt-ridden character is hard to interrogate. As a soldier or officer he may have been decorated for bravery; but if so, his comrades may suspect that his exploits resulted from a pleasure in exposing himself to danger and the anticipated delights of rewards, approval, and applause.


For the same reason there should not be a telephone in the room; it is certain to ring at precisely the wrong moment. The safer the topic, the more voluble the source.

For him the surrender of self-system to authoritarian-system was natural, as was the very principle of martyrdom. If it is then established or strongly suspected that the agent belongs to one of the following categories, further investigation and, eventually, interrogation usually follow.

Or he may remain silent when accused, enjoying the “punishment. But sound interrogation nevertheless rests couunterintelligence a knowledge of the subject matter and on certain broad principles, chiefly psychological, which are not hard to understand. The use of unsuccessful techniques will of itself increase the interrogatee’s will and ability to resist.

The Human Resource Exploitation Manual — was first publicized as the result of an investigative report into the human rights abuses in Honduras. The manuals describe coercive techniques to be used “to induce psychological regression in the subject by bringing a superior outside force to bear on his will to resist.

I feel, personally, that he was exaggerating a great deal. The pitfalls of ignorance of the distinctive culture of the source have “[approx. This stricture does not apply to the counterimtelligence of autobiographies or on informational matters not a subject of controversy with the source. He will feel more and more drawn to the questioner or increasingly antagonistic. At the same time kubarm is necessary to make every effort to keep the subject from learning through the interrogation process precisely where our informational gaps lie.

U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals

Soon after, the U. Defectors in particular, because they are often hostile toward any kind of authority, cause trouble by threatening or bringing suits in local courts, arranging publication of vengeful stories, or going to the local police.

ODENVY has requested that it be informed, in advance if time permits, if any investigative steps are undertaken in these cases.

Whether the furniture should include a desk depends not upon the interrogator’s convenience but rather upon the subject’s anticipated reaction to connotations of superiority and officialdom. He tells A to speak up, that he can hardly hear him. Are subsequent contacts necessary or desirable, and have recontact provisions been arranged?


He grows abusive, reaches interroagtion climax, and then says, “Well, that’s better.

Like other interrogation aides, a scheme of categories is useful only if recognized for what it is — a set of labels that facilitate communication but are not the same as the persons thus labelled. An introverted or shy detainee might be kept naked and perhaps interrgoation humiliated, for example.

Before interrogation starts, the amount of time probably required and probably available to both interrogator and interrogatee should be calculated. The first is a specific negative reaction to the interrogator. This kind of person affixes himself to others like a leech and clings obsessively. In actuality this something is a sense of guilt, of the kind described above.

The preliminary psychological analysis of the subject makes it easier to decide whether he is likely to resist and, if so, whether his resistance will be the product of fear that his personal interests will be damaged or the result of the non-cooperative nature of orderly-obstinate and related types. And even the provocateur who substitutes a fictitious person for his real father will disclose some of his feelings about his father in the course of detailing his story about the imaginary substitute.

In the other major respects – intensity of anxiety and emotional need to affiliate – no significant differences between “firsts” and “onlies” were discovered.

This kind of source is almost constantly happy-go-lucky, impulsive, inconsistent, and undependable. Regardless of his attitude toward the interrogator, his own personality, and his fears for the future, the person who is deeply devoted to a hostile cause will ordinarily prove strongly resistant under interrogation.

First, such interrogations should not be conducted for reasons lying outside the sphere of KUBARK’ s responsibilities.

Such leads can be taken up later unless they raise new doubts about bona fides.

Interrogation rooms should be windowless, soundproof, dark and without toilets. His resistance is sapped, his urge to yield is fortified, until in the end he defeats himself. A distinction should be drawn as soon as possible between sources who will be sent to [approx.